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Xinjiang (in Mandarin Nov grance, in Uyrhur : Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni) est un autonom region ios Popules Respublic China est ids miersto dem. Creen sub tod status in 1955, ids nagor est Urumqi. Xinjiangs grance correspond id quardel vasyen Chinese landgrancen. Xinjiang hieb sekwent un 2002 ardhem takriban 19 millions weikern. Ids official bahsas sont Mandarin ed Uyrhur.

Xinjiang est kalen Eust-Turkestan ab i Uyrhurs. Id autonom region, quod skeipt 16% ios superficie os land, est scene om akster tensions inter id muslim tyrk-bahndo minoritat im Uyrhurs contend oct millions leuden ed i Khanrjiens qui hant immigren tetro. In 2005, 18227 Uyrhurs buir arresti sekwent official data ob "menace contra id national securitat". Sa qua bihsit lider tos minoritat - Rabiya Kadeer - buit tun expulgen do ia Uniet Stats. Instar iom tupeudi Talai-Lama, advoquet un non-violent resistence.