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Ia Uniet Stats os America wa USA (Englisch : United States of America) sont un federal respublic consistend 50 Stats ed oin federal district. Ia 48 contigu Stats ed Washington D.C. sont in Nord America inter Canada ed Mexico. Id Stat Alaska lyehct in id nordwest part os Nord America ed ed id Stat Haway est un archipelegv in id Mid-Pacific. Id land hat yaschi penk befolken ed mult aunleuda territoria in id Pacific ed id Caribe. Samt 9,85 millions km² ed uper quem 323 millions leuden (2016), ia Uniet Stats sont tienxia id quart plautst lando med total area ed id trit befolkenst. Sont oino iom tienxia meist ethnic-ye divers ed multicultural nations, id product os miermaschtab immigration ex multa lands. Id geographia ed id climat iom Uniet Stats sont yaschi extreme-ye divers, ed id land est hem uns baygh variat fauna.

Id US population est akster-ye taken ep id Atlantic caust - id enorm agglomeration ex Boston do Washington jamiyet quasi id dwidel im US-Americans -, ep id Pacific caust (California) ed in id region iom Grand Lacs, menxu id populationsdensitat est ops baygh slab in ia inland Stats. Id urbanisationsratio (81%) est meg alt. Id land hat 51 metropolitan areas samt uper 1 million weikern.

Id US gouvernement est id federal waldh ios respublic om penkgim Stats qua skeipe ia Uniet Stats, tem quem unios nagordistrict ed pluren alyen territoria. Id federal gouvernement comprindt tri distinct branches : legislative, executive ed judicial, quom maghs sont dayt ab id US Constitution inter id Congress, el President, ed ia federal curts, pati id Supreme Curt, nisbatan. Ia maghs ed dohlgs tom branchen sont precis ab legs ios Congress, pati id creation om executive departments ed curts inferior ei Supreme Curt.

Englisch (in sien US version) est id de facto national bahsa. Quayque est neid official bahsa ye federal nivell, sem legs wajibeihnt Englisch. In 2010, takriban 230 millions, yani 80% ios penkater population bahr tik Englisch hemi. Espaniol, bahn ab 12% ios population hemi, est id second communst bahsa ed id plautst-ye docen second bahsa. Sem US Americans advoquent kem Englisch biht id official bahsa ios land, kam ja in 28 federata Stats.

Id Uniet Stats dollar (US$) est id official rawaj iom USA ed iren ultramar territoria. Est id nudenst rawaj in international bayeats ed tienxia dominantst reserve rawaj.

Vidte : Historia iom USA

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Sem kweits ios US inner politiqueEdit

Id force iom parlamentar commissions, ios justice ed iom public agencen beuwt ia sem protiemaghs ghehdend duce do soks deuber quem in ceter lando tienxia. Id senatorialo kleuster in mai 2004 os Defense Statsecretar Donald Rumsfeld dayir torture falls in id iraki prison os Abou Rhurayb est un schahidia de to. Prever, id Lewinsky affaire hieb ducen do daume kweter ta protiemaghs deughe un pinduk ios democratic systeme : ia isgur sudyes ab procureur Starr in 1998 qua hieb nihn do un tentative "impeachment" adversus President Clinton, hieb dwighen tei wehkwe public-ye de sien sexual wanders, provoquend uno major politic crise ed eptemnend id credibilitat iom Uniet Stats. Api, ta drifts hieb est poittiht ab un fall ios Supreme Curt fayssalend od cada amtirend president poitt bihe sudyen civil-ye ant un District Curt.

Ia media sont tant-ye staur quem conditionent id US politic gwit. Id presse est also kwit ka quart magh. In id affaire iom "Pentagone papers" publiet in 1973 ab id New York Times de id Vietnam weir, id constitutional garantie ios presse lure, institute ab id 1st Amendement, hieb ghohlden uper id autoritat ios federal gouvernement quod knigv ep sien constitutional maghs kay gwupes secret id conduct iom international res. Iter gehnus id Watergate affaire ed id istifa os President Nixon in 1974, id presse hat punor stohmt id US gouvernement in ids anti-terrorisme cruceade pos dien 11 September 2001. Hat kathalika accepten sem control iom kwiters id publicit. Invers-ye, hat bihn vinovat ob besweurghend excessa in privatia kam deict id mediatic escalation constateneun pon ia Kennedy yars.

Id vyige iom lobbys (Englisch pro "dikhliz") oriet auwal-ye ex un petitionsrecto garantien ad cada civ ab id Constitution. Antplehcend un influence strategia bim Congress Elects, ta pressemgrupps finance electoral campagnes ed neude ia moderne communicationsformes kay convinces id public opinion. Skeipent perfect-ye acceptet official contramaghs. Lakin, bo presidential amts os George W. Bush hant daumiht kweter id magh ne hieb esen sacen ab ia bwuki lobbys ed ta os naftindustrie. Ne hieb id hakime systeme om chehxa ed tulas instohlen kay vergihes waldhfangh ab oin anghen au smulko gruppo bihn deuysihn ?

Federal siyassa ne est tod iom federat unitats. Also, ia ambiental reluctances ios federal gouvernement, qua se reflege ye innerstat nivell per ia rhayr-yakinias os ids fiscal siyassa, tehrbent bihe contrabalancen ab ia homologhias iom local actors. Biht ghi constatet od id elaboration reulen ye id nivell iom federaten Stats, id mobilisation iom entreprisen ed iom US paurskencentren sont gehnend un ambiental mercat baygh promissoro pro ia Uniet Stats. Bihn un lider in tod matier, California hat it ghyanen id dwot carboncredit mercato tienxia, pos tod ios Europay Union.

Elegen 44to President iom Uniet Stats in 2008, Barack Obama hieb algven id Pace Nobelpris in December 2009. Reelegen in November 2012, is hieb hassilen un success kwiten historic kun id Congress hieb voten in marto 2010 eys reforme ios sieune-sicurance esdi, dind, idso starten ye osyern 2013 hieb obkwohken tant kussourwent quem id hiebit bihn un probleme pro i Democrats. Eti, id Obama presidence hat radicalisen id ultra-conservative movment incarnen unte sem wakt ab ia tea parties au mama grizzlies ed id hat decepto pelu democrat voters. To hat permiss im Respublicans sehle id majoritat in id Dom im Representers ye ia "mid-term" elections os 2010 ed ye ta os 2012, ducend uni tens cohabitation inter bo camps. Ye wer ed osyern 2013, id playcto de id federal budget hat wohst iter blockto dreibhend automatic budget skehrzens ed id zanchey cluden (shutdown) iom servicen ios Federal Stat.

1235px-Flag of the United States svg

Id US flag est id "Star-spangled Banner" (id Starwent Bander). Ielg albh star skeipt ein Federato Stat menxu ia 13 rudh au albh streis evoquent ia 13 presta stats qua se declareer independent ud id Uniet Roydem in 1776. Id concepto pro tod flag tarikhet ex 1777.

Un tienxia militar stieureEdit

Ia Uniet Stats hant bihn ia liders ios leudher mund unte Mund Weir Dwo: id Japanese attaque ep Pearl Harbor in 1941, dind id instauration ios srig weir hant iter salgiht ia ir isolationiste riyassa. In 1947, id Truman doctrine pont id prabhil os "containment" ios sovietsk expansion ed lancet id Marshall plan kay imdadhe europay lands : "Ia USA dehlge habe ka siyassa stehme ia leudher folks qua resiste ia tentative persclavens bugen protie ia ab armet minoritats au exterior pressems".

In 1948-1949, ia Uniet Stats organize un airbrigvo kay betyices West-Berlin face id blockade volt ab Stalin pre signe dien 4 Aprile 1949 id Nord Atlantic Traiteit con westeuropay lands. Ex 1950 do 1953, intervenent do Korea pos ia Nord-Korean trupps hieb uperlaht id 38t parallel. In 1954, dwo yars pos id explosion ios prest US thermonuclear bombe (H bombe), id doctrine ios "massive apokwiti" biht widt. In 1957, id Eisenhower doctrine formulen de id Prokweusto decret silahrecurso pro cada nation quod keupiet US khalass.

Pon 1945, ia Uniet Stats agneunt id rol om "sheriffs ios planete". Iage bunge un cleich-massoulia in id surviven om sem Stats kam Israel, Sud Korea ed Taywan. In id druna os Bill Clintons preter amt, ia Uniet Stats hant imposen 63s dendas protie 35 lands sammelnd 35% os tienxia population. Ed George W. Bush hat liten dalger ed brutaler-ye. Pos Afghanistan, ia US hant pitto democratize jabran id "Grand Mediorient" in 2003. In Februar-Marto 2004, hant intervenen in Hayti ed hant arken President Aristide ex id magh.

Se kehnsend lasim ob ir militar superioritat ed ir technic schowbeys, ia US ghehde kupes commande ia multinational forces qua ia smyehrnt. Hant ye id prest ker abstohmt to unte id intervention do Libia in marto 2011.

Ia Uniet Stats kathalika skeule recurre reprehensible zariyas kay nake ir objectives. Kun i Sovietski hieb invas Afghanistan in December 1979, ia Uniet Stats hieb official-ye decret un embargo dia sitsa pro id USSR, stopt ia SALT II tolks ed boycott ia Moskva Olympic Leiks bet, neofficial-ye, id CIA trainirit ed stohm iens afghanens mujihads. In 1986, id "Irangate" scandal hieb revelen id illegal armen pehrn ad Iran kay finance i Contras in Nicaragua, lando tun placet sub US commercial embargo. Ta US activitats in Nicaragua hieb it esen judcen illegal ab id International Curt os Justice. Bad, id Irak weirs hieb esen slurn in Marto 2003 ep id base falsen pruvs.

Sam-ye, ia Uniet Stats ne keungent de enderghende actions os militar apokwiti protie terta Stats. Ploisko id intervention do Afghanistan pro quod ia Uniet Stats hieb esto declaret in stand os naudhward ab id UNO Securitatsconcil pos ia attentats ios 11 September 2001, ta actions obkwehke illegal in regard os international ieus, kweter leit de ia bombardements ep Tripoli in 1986 au de ta tyicen in Sudan ed Afghanistan in 1998 in response ei double attentat contra ir ambassades om Nairobi ed Dar-es-Salaam. Bet speit repetiht schinghays os international ieus, ia Uniet Stats hant kamyapt, gohder quem alya, legitime id conduct irs exterior siyassa : ia weirs ia duxeer eent "prabh weirs".

I neoconservatives hant changen id deil pos dien 11 September 2001. Esdi id US Congress hat autoriset ad recurred silah protiev Irak, id weir, duct ye id gon os uno smulk coalition dominen ab i Britisch ed inkapt in Marto 2003, eet illegal - is UN secretar-general Kofi Annan hat it kwit id in September 2004; buit eti, yant id start, baygh impopular exter ia Uniet Stats.

To se addeiht ei fact od id stehmen ios leudher mund ed idsen ideals os lure ne hat oistabhen ibs US khanye ir wi ideals in id nam ios jidal contra communism. Hant nuden chemic armes in Vietnam, hant oistohmen dictatorial regimes in Latin America, in Europe - Hellad iom colonels, Espania os Franco, Portugal os Salazar -, in Sud-Korea... ed id CIA, creet in 1947, hat hohlpen ad uperwaldhe democratic-ye electa gouvernements in Iran, Guatemala, ed Chile.

Ia Uniet Stats hant lakin subiht skarp deuysens ed khakent tules quant. Pos id sgumt ex Vietnam akapt med id evacuation ios US Ambassade in Saygon dien 30 Aprile 1975, ia Uniet Stats hieb esen iter humilyen in 1979-1980 ab id prise irs ambassade in Tehran, id ghisaldaren iren diplomats ed ir badbakht leurenpeiten. In October 1983, ies US marinfantiers yisti do Beirut eni id quader uns UNO pace mission hieb dohlgen reploye sekwos un attentat neicus 241 anghens. Ye endo 1992 sub Bill Clinton, Operation "Restore Hope" unte id civil weir ed id famine in Somalia hieb dribhen id landen em 28000 US soldats ant ia cameras ex tienxia bet, in 1993, id nehc om 18 US soldats ab ia forces os general Makhamed Aydid hiebit provoquen id sgumt iom US trupps. Ye id sam yar, Ussama Bin Ladens netwehrg hieb tyict un prest attentat contra id World Trade Center. Reagend dia ia wakyas ios 11 September 2001, ia Uniet Stats hant-se forkoreln in Afghanistan do id longst conflict irs historia menxu eent in Irak, invas in Marto 2003.

Trump
Is milliardaire verslyning Donald Trump (gnaht in 1946) est is 45t US President ab dien 20 Januar 2017 (Respublican Partise).

Id dilemma inter multilateralisme ed bilateralismeEdit

Id attraction ios American sognios leit sammel quem id American way of life proponend un criscto comfort ed uno massenconsumm. Tod hat tem bihn structural quem declarend-ye sien "weir contra terror" just pos dien 11 September 2011, George W. Bush hieb essential-ye exhorten i Americans ad nakaupe. Se addeihnd-ye ei model os un societat sutern, ownership society bohrn do id top ab i neoconservatives, ia Uniet Stats hant uperliten ex un productiviste capitalisme do un consummeriste capitalism ed un important cultural regression. Api, America ops remant definihn kam un influence imperium quos gwitstandard inspiret id holo planete. Weidwos, to biht doublen ab un baysa od id US bulldozer pneict alter cultures ed smulk folks bet id desinteresse im Americans biht dar-ye redwoiter : vasya payttend folks os Terra spehnt un US solution.

Recurre bilateralisme kay skape multilateralisme biht privileget ab ia Uniet Stats qua hant ghapt, yant dwoter amt os George W. Bush, ia neti khiek ses id saul "mund sheriff". Idghi preventive weir doctrine ne hat resist id absence om armes os massendestruction in Irak ed ia US hant tun aunstohct id utilitat os recurred id formule ios "behrmen smyehren" (burden sharing) quod i neoconservatives hieb in-kap alnos arken. Id US siyassa in Mediorient hat ob tod fact esen renquestionen, pussirend sems ad daume de id costo skipen ab id auncondition engagement iom US dia Israel.

Ia Uniet Stats hant-se it ghyanen ad multilateralisme. Bet id gwayt remant limitet ad certain circumstances, quo correspond eti uni constant os US siyassa. In ia facts, ia Uniet Stats privilege bilaterial homologhias. Hant it signet ne minter quem 5000 leurtorg traiteits unte ta akhir yars ep vasya continents, ielg betrehvend bestohmt categorias production. Ghehdent it brunges id inegalitat existend inter ia ed ir partners tant ep id nivell ressurcen quem ep id nivell iom maghtulas; slabeihnt ia forms os regional integration qua ghehdient ombrage ia; ghehdent it reinjece, selective-ye, sekwent ia concerntlands, doses os politic conditionalitat qua un globalo playct ne permittiet ibs include.

Con President Obama, cooperation biht maung prefern ad drehden. Quo biht ithan definiht kam un philosophia wehst dayim in eys logsa os gospoti siyassa : is ischbiet also od, "in 2009, un megil magh ne preuft sien augos dominend-ye ni diabolisend-ye alya lands. Paurske po magh neti est un leik samt null summ : progress dehlct bihe smyohrn". "America niet iskwes impones quodlibt gouvernement systeme alyi nation. Staten souverainitat est un intangible dastur".

US hegemonia est pau conciliable con multilateralisme. Ka principal international contributors, iaghi Uniet Stats mutalbe id maystern irs alliance. Also, hant sgwohmen in 1985 ex id UNESCO quod hiebit bihn pro ia uno model os mismanagement supodeht ei Tert Mund. Unte id ratification iom Muntorganisation playcts in 1994, ia Uniet Stats hant-sib reservet id rect os oisgwehme ex id organisation in fall om repetiht negative arbitragen. Eti, riskend ka uperstieure mae ghehde controle meg-ye kalayt regional coalitions, hant tayskwn ia med distenden continental ensembles : sont mathalan ia magna partisans os Tyrkias EU-entren. Id acceptation os multilateralisme remant semper contrabalancen ab id tentation os ghehldihes ir interesses uper quant : "America First". Nepet hieb Jimmy Carter clar-ye bestohmt in 1980 od id naftroute kye Mediorient skip un vital national interesse pro ia Uniet Stats ? Taatia dia international ieus reuls remant schowi semper problematic.

Id US Supreme Curt jurisprudence, quod se beuwskwt id incarnation ios federal constitution, stehmt traditional-ye ia decisions emt ab id executive magh in weirtid. Id hieb also confirmet id lagherbehnden im civs os Japanese originum in 1944. In ia 1980tias, pos id US intervention do Hayti, id Curt hieb kathalika judcen od id maund ios US civil judicial systeme ne ghohld trans ids grances. IN sien fayssal US vs. Alvarez-Machain ios 15 Junios 1992, id Supreme Curt lit hina viole international ieus recogneihnd-ye od id US gouvernement poiss rabihes in kharij un anghen accusen ob crime in ia Uniet Stats.

Messianisme, quod hat est ye id base ios creation iom Uniet Stats, irs unitat ed ios ischbat irs culture, wehst in ir gospoti siyassa. Yant id intervention contra iens Espaniols in Cuba in 1898, unghi constant os US gospoti siyassa buit id ischbat om genereusa ziels : neid weir aun noble grunds ploisko notable-ye id Vietnam weir ed id iraki conflict. Ia Uniet Stats hant acceptet bihe members multen international organisations edsi hant semper mistrusen regionalismes qua ia hant joint baygh limiten-ye ed essential-ye bi economic sababs : permanent members ios Uniet Nations Securitatsconcil, ios NATO, ios NAFTA (simple leurtorg zone aun commun exterior tariff ni politic au juridic proschgwehmskwen), ios G8.

United States of America's National Anthem

United States of America's National Anthem

Paradoxa ios US economic stieureEdit

1st militar stieure, 2t economic stieure apter id Europay Union, nisbatan 3t ed 4t befolkenst ed plautst lando tienxia, ia Uniet Stats dominent meis quem id nord-american rewos. Saul Stat yeisus uno mensc ep id meun, hant skipt un aunsam cultural, politic, economic attractionsforce. Pos id collapse ios sovietsk block ed os ids collectiviste systeme, ia Uniet Stats hant biht un uperstieure skeipend id wahid reference tienxia. Bet todpet absence os contramodel siniet kwenchaue profunda mutations ios US augos. Sem analystes hatta deurse tolke de idso disparition, au meis-ye sigwra de ids normalisation.

De facto, ia Uniet Stats hant bihn lasim ei reste ios mund, neti ob iro production au militaro protection, sontern ob ir uperconsumm. To stets meis dependeiht ia kharij, quo deughsiet nevergible-ye un retula om tienxia forces.

Mahibe economic stieure, ia Uniet Stats behande plur vantages : beghaben samt oin immense territorium riche med raumaterias (ghiul, naft, gas, gold, cuper) ed agrent ressurces, hant bilhassa un tertiar sector bayna ia meist antslohnkens ios mund. Id federal Stat invest un relative-ye important part ios BIP do paursken. US economia est tant important quem rythmet tienxia crosct ed commerce. Lakin, tod constatation biht stets minter ver ed ia Uniet Stats buir udperformen ab id Europay Union in 2006. Eti, US capitalisme hat gnohn talga scandals - Enron in 2001-2002 - au talg duswehrgens - crise iom subprimes ed surrealiste vehrtens ab ia raiting agencies in 2007 - quem in Jul 2010, id meist vast reforme os finance regulation hat bihn viwiden pon ia 1930tias. Bet tod debateiht idghi kardwnt ia maghs iom regulators qua khiek previde id finance crise. Quodkwe bih to, id US economic slaberascen correspondt un inexorable grundtrend; ia Uniet Stats hant biht importanter in id vidpoint os tienxia economia pro id uperconsumm anter quem iro production.

In international tolks, ia US beuwent-se official-ye ia champions os leurtorg : principal promotorsios creation ios NAFTA con Canada ed Mexico in 1992, partisans ios antplehcen iom Muntorganisationsplaycts, hant relancet in 2013 ia negociations zielend id instauration uns leurtorg zone con id Europay Union. Bet, speit id izharn liberalism, ia Uniet Stats bevide uno marcto protectionisme illustret ab ia systemes iom Domestic International Sales Corporations au Foreign Sales Corporations : oin quardel iom US exports brug ta in 1999, skeipend circa 2 milliards om dollars ex id aeronautic systeme do ia exports om sitsa ed soya. Gospoti filiales om US compagnies bayteln ye 95% in Barbados au ia Virgen Insules permiss ibs matercompagnies loge oin part iren beneficen do ta filiales dind koimrikihes ia do ia Uniet Stats aun payghe imposta. Ta systemes buir tris aunstohmen (1976, 2000 ed 2001) ab id Panegsorgan iom Differenden ios GATT dind ios Muntorganisation bet buir reconstituen ielgs. Ta protectioniste desires kardwnent-se : sont stets multer US economistes qui rencause ouvert-ye ir convictions de leurtorg, kweter kay redahe tula ad tienxia economia we kay protege US primatia.

Pon id XIXt secule, ia Uniet Stats tyeicneunt id diplomatia ios dollar. Ibs permittus crisces ir territorium, kaupend-ye besonters Louisiana ud France in 1803, Florida ud Espania in 1819 ed Alaska ud Russia in 1867, ibs permitt nuntos sib udkaupe id collaboration om gospoti gouvernements. Muhim financial imdadhs ghehde it bihe vohrst massive-ye ed durable-ye ad certain allieits, kam Pakistan. In alyo categoria, Panama hieb esen placen sub economic embargo menxu is panamenyo general-president Noriega hieb est instohlt ab id CIA. Accuset ob ses un droghenveneg, is prever panamenyo wanak buit arresten in 1990 quando ia Uniet Stats hant-sib udwaurs eys extradition kay judce iom. Face hostile Stats, iaghi Uniet Stats weident yando economic meids uperwehrtend un souverainitatsabuse. Iaghi edice legs trendend ghehlde extra ira grances : tiel October 2000, ia Toricelli ed Helms-Burton legs widt nisbatan in 1992 ed 1996 hant kardwnen id embargo contra Cuba ed ia dendas dia ta ne respectend ia; sam-ye, id D'Amato-Kennedy leg hat permiss ibs Uniet Stats penalise ia "halwghen" lands oistehmend international terrorisme ed bane ei reste ios mund tyices certain investions in Iran ed Libia. Un rlinji playct hat limitet ir schaecheing in 1998 pos ia Uniet Stats buir tohrgen med tollretorsions ed sudyes ant id Muntorganisation.

Id US dollar occupeneut un unique stand pon ia 1944 Bretton Woods playcts qua hieb id buwt id international monetar maschtab. Oin uncia gold eet egal ad trigim penk dollars. US monetara reserves correspons tun 70% iom tienxia gold reserves. Plaut-ye eptemnus ia ob id europay economic rexspand bet hassa id naudh os finance ia Korea dind Vietnam weirs, ia Uniet Stats dehr un fin ibs Bretton Woods playcts in 1971. Neti swekwehrient id convertibilitat ios dollar do gold ed linkwient swehbhe iro rawaj : "the dollar is our currency but it's your problem" (id dollar est nies rawaj bet vies probleme) sekwent id formule tribuet ei US Khasnahsecretar tos zaman, John Connolly.

De facto, id dollar bihsit id wahid rawaj quos wirt neti depensit siena monetara reserves sontern id saul trust ijapt ab id reste ios mund.

Ia US dwindeficits bighehlde meis quem ceter kaurs. Hois, id budgetdeficit hat-se deterioreneut pon George W. Bush hat arrivet do magh ob id imposten seinken ed id expensen augen subsequent ei Irak weir. Id Congress continuet autorise meis expense quem quo id Khasnah dact in taxes ed id Federal Reserve auct id monetar masse. Bet, kun zakwehrnt to, bila playcto de ia skehrzens in id tyeictu public expense, ei Federal Stat biht dwighen clude sien services, dehnd do technic beghsorbatia takriban 800 000 kwehrants, suspendend-ye cada diplomatic activitats, os international cooperation, os paursken... Ids cost in 2011 habiet nacto tiel 0,6% ios correct brutto BIP. Linkwndo durable traces, id "shutdown" se hat repetiht in 2013. Ciois, id deficit ios torgbalance hat-se gurawen dayim ex 1985 do 2007 tem quem id hat bihn un structural element ios US economia. Ia dwo tridels tos deficit sont due id commerce con China.

In 2007, id dollar hat lusto sien place os 1st payghen rawaj tienxia esdi remant id prest inlyoiga rawaj : 65% iom reserves os change iom central banks in id mund sont constituen ex dollars contra 25% ex euros. Id deficit ios torgbalance pieut ia dollaren reserves iom lands qua hant un exceddent torgbalance con ia Uniet Stats. Ta lands neudent ta dollars kay kaupe US Khasnah bonds ayna ia meist wassics tienxia, financend indirect-ye id US public dulg. Id sliebe iom US duccinsen favoriset id US crosct, deubereiht id torgdeficit ed favoriset un dollar sehnken. Api, ye meis auct id US dulgo xiht in kharij ed ye meis id dollar sehnct, ye minter rentable biht kaupe US Khasnah bonds. To pinwt id baysa od sem dien un baygh important wakel dollaren viwehst ep id mercat, provoquend id collapse ios US rawaj.