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Lubnan (ex id arab لبنان ) ed in id longer forme Lubnani Jumhuriat ( الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّة ) est un Prokweusto Stat, pleist-ye ghyorwent. Smyehrt sien grances con Suria in id nord ed id eust unte 376 km, ed con Israel in id sud unte 79 km. Est lizden in id west ab id Levantino Mar, id eust part ios Mediomar, samt 220 km causten. Beirut est ids nagor.

Id official bahsa est arab. Franceois leusus tod status est un second bahsa, nudt besonters in id talim. Id official rawaj est id lubnani lira.

Ob sien plur agamas, Lubnan est beghapt med un politic systeme sulen ep un daysa os magh binisbat id vyige ielgs religieus communitat, yani confessionalisme.

Ids geographic tolp, ids wedopnos, ids ghyors uperkeihnd Prokweusy, ids ghyahsa kyid Mediomar ed ids wonday climato dahnt ad Lubnan un strategic, economic, politic ed military importance. Itak id buit peragensloc uns dwaschaw om civilisations ed cultures.

Lubnans population est hissaben do 4,14 millions weikern. Ia kwehlend ciffers ne sont official (neghi buit ardhem pon id franceois mandate in 1932). Ye tod zaman, maronites (Lubnans catholics) eent majoritar. Actual-ye, id national daysa iom agamas est hissaben do 42% Christianen face 57% em Muslims. 17 agamas sont recogniht ab id Stat.

Sekwent id World Refugee Survey 2008 publiet ab id US Comitee pro refugeits ed immigrants, Lubnan enderbrigh 325 800 refugeits ed asyle eiskwers in 2007. Ex tod numer, 270 800 eent Palestinis arriven pos ir expulsion ex id Stat Israel in 1948, 50 200 eent Irakis feugus gvalt in Irak ed id insecuritatsituation in Suria ed 4500 eent Sudanis, pleist-ye ne-recogniht. Taiper, Lubnan preimt un baygh muhim numer refugeiten ex Suria.

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Un dayim instable politic situationEdit

Id impossibilitat os construge uno nert lubnani Stat hat biht un historic constant pro tod land kwetwerdilen ab religieus considerations ed ia divergences inter id layic levter, i conservatives ed i religieus. Lubnano ne hieb ghohden resiste ia politic scandals ed ia problemes creen ab i Palestinis kowpt in refugeiten laghers. Kun in 1969, id lubnani armee hieb tentet eme tsay ir control, id hieb obkwohct pior slabo pro tod task, augend ia tensions. Udbrohct in 1975, id weiro hieb duren tiel 1990 : ia combatend factions ja ne kung de taraghe ir alliances, sekwent ia Israeli au Suri interventions : i Lubnani dwodemimamis hant also successive-ye wighen i maronites, i drousens, i Palestinis ed i Suris. Id reul ios "ielg pro se" dominet aun od sia druve-ye solidaritat inter agamas.

Ormihn ab ta yars conflict, Lubnan hat iter wohsen involven in un weir contra Israel in Jul-Augusto 2006. Slurn ab id rapt os un Tsahal soldat ab members ios Hezbollah - schiyi milice imdadhen ab i Iranis ed Suris -, tod weir hat destrugen uno mier part iom infrastructures os Lubnan ed, dar hoyd, id Sud ios land remant menacen ab ia millions clusterbomben muken ab i Israelis. Ta forcebevidens ab Israel hieb dict ids achizia ed kardwnt id waldh iom milicen, besonters ios Hezbollah.

Enderminen ab affairisme, Lubnan hieb obkwohken rhayr kabil de se reconstruge ka souverain Stat. Albatta, id occupation os Lubnan ab Suria, legitimet ab ia Taef playcts in 1989, hat emt fin pos Resolution 1559 ios UNO Securitatsconcil widt in 2004 per joint initiative os France ed iom Uniet Stats. Id mission im 13 000 yeudmen ios FINUL in place pon 1978 hieb tun esen extenden. Bet id suri prepotence remant ed buit hatta kardwnneut pon Januar 2011 kun id Hezbollah, quod esiet stiftor ios assassinat os gouvernementschef Rafic Hariri, hat entren id lubnani gouvernement.