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Kashmir (Kashmiri: کٔشِیر / कॅशीर) est id nord-west region ios Hindi Subcontinent. In 1846, pos id Sikh marloubia unte id Preter Sikh-Britisch weir, ed sekwos id kurihen ios region ud iens Britisch yeji id Traiteit os Amritsar, is Radja os Jammu, Gulab Singh, bihsit is nov wanak os Kashmir. Id regne eysen descendants, sub id uperwaldhen ios Britisch Cron, durit tiel 1947, quan id prever Peurstdem iom Britisch Indias bihsit un dawaterritorium, nun administret ab tri lands : Hind, Pakistan ed id Popules Respublic China.

350px-Kashmir region 2004
Id region est divis inter tri lands in un territorial dawa. Pakistan controlt id nord-west portion (Nord zones ed "Asadh" Kashmir), Hind controlt id central ed sud portion (Jammu ed Kashmir) ed Ladakh ed id Popules Respublic China controlt id nord-eust portion (Aksay Chin ed Kālǎkūnlún zǒuláng).

Un region occupen ab tri StatsEdit

Id region Kashmir, yando lakapt "id Schweiz os Asia" hat un strategic position ye ia grances om Pakistan, Hind ed China qua occupe ein portion idsios territorium ed conteste id pagen division : Hindo mutalbet id Kashmir occupen ab Pakistan (Asadh Kashmir) ed id part occupeneut ab China pon 1962 (Aksay Chin); Pakistano mutalbet id part os Ladakh quod prolonget id tupeudi plateau. Ta contestations tarikhent tsay do 1947 kun is hindu maharadja om Jammu-ed-Kashmir hieb neid alyo cheus quem decide necte sien Stat ad Hindo menxu 78% ios population eet muslim. Pos un preter hindi-pakistani weir in 1949, Kashmir hieb esto dilto de facto do dwo parts : Asadh Kashmir hiebit bihn un Pakistani protectorat, ed id Stat Jammu-ed-Kashmir un federato Stat administren af Hind. In 1965, un dwoter hindi-pakistani weiro hieb udbrohct pos grancenincidents. Id hindi defense hieb esen vrohnen bet id intervention ios UNO ed un sovietsk ombud hiebeer permiss id reiken iom inkapemgrancen ed id fin ios conflict in 1972. In 1999, Hind ed Pakistan hieb iter wohst ye id kenar unios majorios drehden, ia violences oislurn ab Pakistano neicus meis quem 35 000 leuds. Bet Pakistan hieb tun wohst isolen international-ye ed nakis militar-ye face Hind. Id majoritat os Kashmirs population esiet nuntos ryowkhowo dia independence bet id zone skeipt un securitatszone pro Islamabad id ne tyehgvskwt ed Hindo prefert wighes id islamiste rebellion in sien part ios territorium accusend-ye Pakistan ob iskwes provoque interreligieus dissensions. Ob to, Kashmir continuet exacerbe tensions inter Hind ed Pakistan structurend ira respective diplomatias ed reyeisend bo do delicat identitar questions : darnd-ye id saul Stat samt muslim majoritat in id Hindi Union, tod demonstret id historic error iospet existence os Pakistan; refuse recognihes Kashmir ka integrant part os Hind justifiet pro Pakistan id ideal creeskwnd uno "nation" pro muslims "persecut ab id hindu majoritat".


Recenta negociationsEdit

Id "global dialogos" imposen in 2004 ab id intervention ios international communitat, in quos prest rang ab ia Uniet Stats, hiebit permitten kardehe id risk ubgwohmt in 2002 unios nov majorios drehden inter Hind ed Pakistan. Succeddend un cessetpiurn playct in Kashmir, skeipt un presto stieupen ep id long itner ios pacific paneg iom differenden opponend bo Stats, samkwe ia nationaliste ed identitar sababs bi qua mutu diwides de Kashmir ne alnos forswehndend. Also, id inkapto dialogos ne maynt od bo Stats tyehgve nachides gvalt-ye; tod dialogos remant submiss ad mult conjunctural factors, kam ia terroriste attaques forfacen in Mumbayo ye endo November 2008 ed qua hieb nicto takriban tricent leuds.