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Iran, yaschi gnoht ka Pars, in longer forme id Islami Jumhuriat Iran ( جمهوری اسلامی ايراﻥ ) est un land os West Asia. Ids nagor est Tehran ed ids population eet vohrtto do 77 891 220 weikers in 2011. Official bahsa est parsi ed ids rawaj id rial. Official calendar est id Irani calendar. Id nam Iran, quod maynt Aryen(rig), useneut walsk-ye pon id Sassanian era, buit official-ye widen in 1935 pro international usage. Prever, id land eet gnohn in Occident sub id nam Pars. Ia nams Pars ed Iran bihnt nudt indifferent-ye in id cultural contexte, bet Iran est nudt official-ye in id politic contexte.

Iran, pon id instauration ios Islami Jumhuriat, anancneut un baygh aunsam politic systeme. Iran est id saul official-ye schiyi Stat ed oino iom rar lands quod est un theocratia; yani id magh, kohnst emane ex Div, keiht in ia ghesors ios cler. Tod theocratia oriet ex id concept velayat-e faqih, theoriset in ia 1960tias ab Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, preter "Revolutionsduc". Is supreme chef ios religion hat vetorecto de quant. Quan is religieuso chef controlt id land, is cheust quo est sell we ne sekwent eys religion. Lakin, exist unschi representative dimension in tod systeme, chunke popular souverainitat est recogniht ed od un electoral process permit id election ios President ios Jumhuriat, im Mumajlis ed iom membern ios Expertenmajlis. Tod electoral systeme est inspiret ab popular democratias, bet politic pluralisme ne exist; i candidats bayghe ia divers islami factions.

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Id geopolitic vyige IransEdit

Id regional affirmation os Iran ka schiyi stieure biht favorisen ab id fact od leit de id befolctsto Stat ios region pos Tyrkia (circa 50% em Parsis, 20% em Aseris, 8% em Kurds, etc.), od hat ia dwot mierst naft lyogsa tienxia apter Saudi Arabia ed, rar ject in id region, od xeiht wedressurces. Iran idschi comprindt mult minoritats ex qua tod im Arabs jamiyen in ia naftregions os Khousestan. Ob ethnic ed/au religious questions, rebellen movments, ops-ye sunni, wewardheer in ia hadhzones pon 2005. Accusen ob "destabilise Iran ab ids peripheria", bihnt implacable-ye repressen. Bayna ta movments, id Jundallah os balochi ed sunni moveina est massoul ob mult attentats pon dec yars; buit classifien ab ia US bayna ia terroriste organisations. Zowngschie, id schiyi theocratia vidt sien legitimitat enderminet ab sien kussours ed id terrible repression ios "glendios Movment" gohnt pos ia contestet elections os 2009. Ne respondt ibs aspirations ios population, eduquet ed yun, quod kwehndt un catastrophic economic situation.

Ye id international nivell, ia irani autoritats presente ir Stat ka belaghert af hostile sunni stieures ed nuclear stieures : Israel in id west, Russia, ed Pakistan in id eust. Itak stehment financial-ye ia iraki schiyi factions ed id lubnani Hezbollah dank id revenue ios naftsector ed id fangh ab iens 125 000 members iom Revolutionspaleks unios mier part ios economia.

Dien 14 Jul 2015, un playcto con ia magna stieures hat bilift id embargo contra Iran, poun inspectionsrect iom irani installations mae id sib struct un atombombe. Iran speht ithan crisces sien financial ressurces, besonters in id katu protiev id sunni Dawlat Islams in Irak ed Schaam. Bet tod playct itabeiht bo Israel ed Saudi Arabia. Id tehrg uns Israeli militar intervention crehsct. Ia iklime sunni gouvernements om Saudi Arabia, Kuwayt ed Gataro redwoint od Irano nagaint augos. Kaupent armes beuwend Mediorient id presto tienxia place de tod xeimen. Sekwent WikiLeaks revelation in 2010, roy Abdallah viensch also ke ia Uniet Stats "tehme id cap ios irani ogvi". Meis quem aiwo, Arabia ed Iran kwehke inconciliable ob iro respective religieus fundamentalisme.

Flag of Iran (official) svg
Irans official flag pon 1980 hat in sieno medium un tamkha quod est bo un tuvra pro id nam Allah (Div) scriben med arab harifs, ed un stylisen tulpan, quod sekwent id parsi tradition crehsct ep id cruor im martyrs. Ambi id albh strei est oiscripto dwis oindems in kufi khat "Allah Akbar" = "Allah est megst".

Kurds ed IranEdit

In Iran, un kurdo Respublic hieb esen proclamen in 1946 pre esus trudt yant 1947 ab id regime os Mohammed Reza Pahlavi. In 1967, un pamrlan buit kaurd-ye enderwaurs quo ne stabh ad Iran instrumentalise id kurd cause in Irak tiel ia Alger playcts os 1975. Pon id 1979 islami revolution, ia sibias remane conflictual : id kurd minoritat, quod skeipt circa 8% ios population, pleidt pro un politic autonomia bet ids liders buir assassint, besonters in Vienna in 1989 ed in Berlin in 1992. Scarmuscha subsiste inter id armen gruppo Rejak creet in 2003 in ia ghyors os Nord Irak. Tehran accuset Washington - lakin bohnden ab idsa tyrk alliances - ob finance tod grupp ed auct id waurg dia Kurds.