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Etymologia: ex (aw) ibri ibri = עברי , quod mayniet preter "tehre", bet quod poitt yaschi bihe tarjt ka "ibri (anghen)". Kad tod kyus "i leuds tehrus id Purat.

Definition: I Ibris sont un folk os Uber Antiquitat qui hant creen yahadut. Id historia ios aw ibri folk nos est gnoht ab id Bible ed ia archeologic aunstehgens.

Ies Patriarchi, id folk Israel ed id wander (XXt-XIIIt secules pre JC)Edit

I Ibris, kam i Arabs au Surias Aramays, bayghe id familia iom folks om schemi bahsas. Orgwehment kwecto ex Niter Mesopotamia (Schoumer), quetos Abrahams clan habiet fortrohcto kay page do Canaan (Palestine) in-kap id IIt millennium pre JC. Vahnt age ter un semivagder gwit wanact ab patriarchens; ja kwecto hant specific creds qua se enderkweite ud id veut polytheiste religieus budmen iom mesopotamiak folks. Ye id XVIIt secule, i Ibris, organiset in dwodem teuts, gwehme pactum do Misr, kad-chasset ex Canaan ab famine. Est un original folk, quod baygh-ye consciet sien identitat, se kyeust "Israel" ed se defineiht med sien bahsa, sien religion samt un wahid div, ed med id conviction od Canaan est id land quod is ei hat bestohmen, in virtut uns promiss oiswohrn xiawngja ad Abraham.

Merneptah Israel Stele Cairo
Id Merenptah Stele est un inscription ab iom Awo Misri royo Merenptah (qui regnit inter -1213 ed -1203) aunstohct ab Flinders Petrie in 1896 in Thebes, ed taiper deideikmen in id Misri Museium al Kahira. Id texte est khaliban un bayan de Merenptahs victoria uper i Libis ed ir allieits, bet ia tri senst lignes concerne alyo campagne in Canaan, tun part iom imperial possessions os Misr. Plur archeologs tarjment un grupp om hieroglyphs ye Ligne 27 do "Israel", quo beuwiet tod stele id prest gnohto document samt tod nam, ed id saul quod udwekwnt id in Awo Misro.

Moses, i Schofti ed id krig os Palestine (XIIIt-Xt secules pre JC)Edit

I Ibris mane unte plur secules in Misr, bet ir situation ter se degradet ed fin-ye bihnt persclawt. Aundwoi in id druna ios XIIIt secule pre JC, linkwnt Misro reictum Canaan, wanact ab Moses ("Exodus"). Ye tod moment se pangent definitive-ye ia suls ios yudi religion : Moses mehldt is hat dact ud Div, ep mont Sinay, id revelation ios Loy ed id confirmation od Canaan est ya id Promiss land. Etileikwt kriges tod. Est id wehrg im chefs namen "Schoften", quim principal est Yosua. Ex id XIIIt do id XIt secule pre JC, i vagder Ibris korelnt protiev i wikpactens Canaanis ed i Peleistens ios caust. Vivincent i ed seule un roydem quos nagor est Jerusalem. Ter oistrugeiht roy Salomon, son os David, inter -970 ed -930, id Temple quod herbehrcsiet ia Tables ios Loy dictet ab IHWH-Adonay ad Moses.

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Id ibri roydem, ia invasions ed id Diaspora (Xt secule pre JC - IIt secule pos JC)Edit

Id unitat ios ibri roydem brehct quasi fauran : in 932 pre JC, dwo Stats wardhe, Israel ed Juda, qua vahnt subihes plurs id waldh iom mier nieber rigs (im Aschurays, prest-ye, in id VIIIim secule). In 586 pre JC, Nabukudurriussur, roy os Babylon, prindt Jerusalem, destruct id Temple menxu un part ios population biht deporten do Mesopotamia : sessiet lurn bad ab id pars invasion os -538. Bet, quakwe bih ia vicissitudes, id force ios religious diemen teint id unitat ios yudi folk.

I Ibris naiwo retrehfsient ir plen independence. Autoriset ad reconstruge id Temple (520-515), sont lakin sub pars waldh. Pos Alexanders krigs, ye id IVt secule pre JC, sont integren ibs Hellenistic monarchias om Misr au Suria.

In 63 pre JC, yudi Palestine biht un province ios Roman Imperium, quo id population duspreimt. Preter pamrlan udbrehct in 66 pos JC. In 70, Titus schteurmt Jerusalem ed brandeiht id Temple. In 132, dwoter insurrection biht repressen af Hadrian samt un extreme strehnge : ia sensta traces om yudi institutions biht aboliht, id religion ghehdt survive tik eni diaspohrn communitats ("Diaspora"). Est id fin ios ibri folk os Palestine.

Arch of Titus Menorah
Ep id Arc os Titus ep id Palatin in Rome, tod frise deict ia objects lwon ex id Temple os Jerusalem ab iens Romans bohrn in triumph, bayna qua suaprehpt id menorah (septozdo schamdan).

Ibris ed historiaEdit

Id magno brinegh tos smulk folk os antique Orient est concepus id prest monotheiste religion : yahadut. Tod hat ne tik survivet ed tohrt secules nespekent massacres ed persecutions, sontern id hat kathalika daughen ka base ad historias dwo alter megil monotheismes : christianisme ed islam.

Lakin, sult khaliban ep id biblic narn, id historia ios ibri folk hat gnohn in-kap id XXIsto secule rencausens ex Israeli historians. Itmen hant I.Finkelstein ed N.Silberman contestet ia conditions ios krig os Canaan au id importance ios roydem os Salomon ab id resultat om skavs. Ed de S.Sand hat denuncen uno neud os awo historia pro politic ziels, idnu legitimation ios rect im yudis ad mutalbe Palestine. Dar etileikwt maung aunstehctu.